Arabs and Young Turks: Ottomanism, Arabism, and Islamism in by Hasan Kayali PDF

By Hasan Kayali

ISBN-10: 0520204468

ISBN-13: 9780520204461

ISBN-10: 0585078904

ISBN-13: 9780585078908

Arabs and younger Turks presents an in depth learn of Arab politics within the past due Ottoman Empire as considered from the imperial capital in Istanbul. In an analytical narrative of the younger Turk interval (1908-1918) historian Hasan Kayali discusses Arab issues at the one hand and the rules of the Ottoman govt towards the Arabs at the different. Kayali's novel use of files from the Ottoman records, in addition to Arabic resources and Western and valuable ecu files, allows him to re-evaluate traditional knowledge in this complicated topic and to give an unique appraisal of proto-nationalist ideologies because the longest-living heart jap dynasty headed for cave in. He demonstrates the endurance and resilience of the supranational ideology of Islamism which overshadowed Arab and Turkish ethnic nationalism during this the most important transition interval. Kayali's examine reaches again to the 19th century and highlights either continuity and alter in Arab-Turkish kin from the reign of Abdulhamid II to the constitutional interval ushered in by means of the revolution of 1908.

Arabs and younger Turks is key for an figuring out of latest concerns similar to Islamist politics and the continued crises of nationalism within the center East.

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Additional info for Arabs and Young Turks: Ottomanism, Arabism, and Islamism in the Ottoman Empire, 1908-1918

Example text

Both turned it down. [29] The turnover in governorships accelerated in all Arab provinces for several reasons. First, the governors’ traditional alliances with local centers of power, often sanctioned independently by the Palace, now gave way to competition with notables for authority and induced frustrated governors to ask for transfers within short periods. Second, because the central government suffered from a shortage of able men, it could not always appoint candidates best suited for the job and, hence, was disposed toward making frequent changes.

Hans Kohn, Western Civilization in the Near East (New York: Columbia University Press, 1936), 264; Elie Kedourie, “The Impact of the Young Turk Revolution on the Arabic-Speaking Provinces of the Ottoman Empire,” in Arabic Political Memoirs and Other Studies, by E. Kedourie (London: Frank Cass, 1974), 125–26. Mardin, Jön Türklerin, 91. , 18–20. Ghanem said: “We Arabs know that if [the Franks (al-afranj )] enter our country, in a couple of years our territories will be in their hands; and they will rule it [ yatasarrafuna] as they wish.

Ghanem was a Tanzimat bureaucrat who had identified with the Young Ottoman grievances. He was involved in the drafting of the constitution, distinguished himself as an opposition leader in the 1877–78 Parliament, and had been the only deputy in that Parliament to continue actively the struggle after it was closed down. Although a Christian, for a long time his vision of the Ottoman state was a liberal and Islamic one. [189] By the end of the nineteenth century Arab political organizations were primarily interested in the unity of Syria within the Ottoman Empire.

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Arabs and Young Turks: Ottomanism, Arabism, and Islamism in the Ottoman Empire, 1908-1918 by Hasan Kayali

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