By Marian Stamp Dawkins M.A., D.Phil. (auth.)
I wrote this booklet simply because i feel that the welfare of animals is an important topic yet one approximately which there's a of misunderstanding and muddled pondering. i wished to good deal write a booklet which straightened out the various confusion by way of having a look intimately at one specific challenge: the best way to realize animal soreness. The e-book is written for someone drawn to animals and the controversies over how humans may still deal with them. i've got attempted to persuade those who may well differently think that technological know-how had just a fairly sinister reference to animal welfare that the clinical learn of animal agony has, in truth, a tremendous and confident contribution to make. it may provide us an perception into what animals event and this, in tum, can help us to relieve their anguish. whilst, i've got attempted to write down a booklet that might be of at the least a few use to scientists. The chapters which persist with professional vide an overview of the organic method of animal welfare. i've got additionally tried to teach sceptics that it's attainable to check animal anguish with out sacrificing criteria of scien tific strategy. probably a few can even come to proportion my trust that the learn of the subjective studies of animals is without doubt one of the such a lot interesting parts within the complete of biology, in addition to being of significant useful and moral importance.
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Additional info for Animal Suffering: The Science of Animal Welfare
We should, however, be careful to distinguish 'health' from 'productivity', which has economic overtones. As we have seen, 'productivity' is an unreliable indicator of either physical or mental health, particularly where it is applied to whole groups of animals rather than to individuals. The clear-cut disturbances of physical health which we have been considering are generally agreed to be signs of severe or prolonged suffering. But they may be relatively insensitive indicators of short-term or less acute suffering.
Others, such as dogs, share with them the long history of artificial breeding, but do not have such severe restrictions on their behaviour. So as a domesticated animal in one of the most unnatural environments that could be devised, battery-kept hens enable us to discuss all aspects of the 'natural behaviour' criterion. Straight away, it is obvious that many features of junglefowl life are quite impossible in the crowded conditions of modem Suffering and the 'unnatural'life 41 intensive farms. Outside the breeding season, wild junglefowl (which look very like some breeds of bantams) usually move around in flocks of one cock and a small harem of 2 - 5 hens (Collias and Colli as ; Colli as and Sachnae ; Johnson (1041).
Contact with human beings may also affect what zoo animals regard as a suitable mate. This may be inconvenient if it is an emu that approaches its keeper as if he were a female of its own species, but positively dangerous if it happens with a moose (Hediger [781). Kittens play differently depending on how they are reared (Bateson (101) and the way a mother rhesus monkey treats her baby depends on what she herself experienced when an infant (Sackett and Ruppenthal (1701). Experience during early life might significantly affect the degree of similarity between domestic and wild animals by determining the kind of environment the respective animals prefer to live in.
Animal Suffering: The Science of Animal Welfare by Marian Stamp Dawkins M.A., D.Phil. (auth.)