By Chris Lightfoot
Even though much less renowned than a few Anatolian websites, it really is Amorium's value as a tremendous payment after the Roman interval that makes it so very important. The excavation programme's major goal has been to make clear the Byzantine payment that flourished the following until eventually the eleventh century advert. This guidebook is an try and fill in many of the gaps within the archaeology, and to carry town and its background again to existence.
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Extra info for Amorium: A Byzantine City in Anatolia - An Archaeological Guide (Homer Archaeological Guides)
63 History and Archaeology A Roman doorstone recently uncovered in the northern cemetery, looking south towards the Upper City mound. usually assumed that the First Crusade did not pass through Amorium. It is, however, inherently more likely that the Crusaders followed the main Byzantine highway that must have led to Amorium. Likewise, the German emperor, Conrad III, used the old Byzantine highway between Dorylaeum, Amorium, and Philomelium (Aksaray) in AD 1147. The region of Amorium is known to have been in Seljuk hands by AD 1116, when the emperor Alexius I led the Byzantine army on an expedition from Dorylaeum in the direction of Polybotus and Philomelium.
Indeed, according to one Arab geographer, it ranked, after Constantinople and Thessalonica, as the third largest city in the whole of the Byzantine empire. Amorium’s strategic importance meant that it faced repeated attack. Best known of these is the well-documented siege of AD 838. In the spring of that year the caliph al-Mu‘tassim (AD 833-842), the youngest son of Harun al-Rashid, set out from Samarra in Copper alloy three-ounce Iraq at the head of a large weight, found in the Lower City army.
Archaeology has, however, been able to fill the gap left by the historical sources. M›ddle Byzant›ne Amor›um After AD 838 Amorium is rarely mentioned in the surviving Byzantine texts. There was another attack on Amorium in AD 931, when troops of the Emir of Tarsus unexpectedly descended on the city, but this was an isolated incident. By the late 9th century AD 60 Amorium Middle Byzantine housing built up against the rear of a surviving part of the Lower City Walls, looking southeast. the Byzantines had begun to take the offensive, so that military events no longer took place on the Anatolian plateau but on its southern and eastern flanks.
Amorium: A Byzantine City in Anatolia - An Archaeological Guide (Homer Archaeological Guides) by Chris Lightfoot