By Theodore R. Weeks
Across the progressive Divide: Russia and the USSR 1861-1945 bargains a extensive interpretive account of Russian background from the emancipation of the serfs to the tip of worldwide warfare II.<ul type="disc">* presents a coherent assessment of Russia's improvement from 1861 via to 1945* displays the newest scholarship by means of taking a thematic method of Russian historical past and bridging the ‘revolutionary divide’ of 1917* Covers political, fiscal, cultural, and lifestyle concerns in the course of a interval of significant adjustments in Russian background* Addresses during the variety of nationwide teams, cultures, and religions within the Russian Empire and USSR* indicates how the novel guidelines followed after 1917 either replaced Russia and perpetuated an monetary and political tension that keeps to persuade sleek society
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Additional info for Across the Revolutionary Divide: Russia and the USSR, 1861-1945 (Blackwell History of Russia)
Thus the emancipation statutes burdened peasants with long-term payments but did not provide landowners with capital that might have been used to modernize agriculture. 2 Another important aspect of emancipation was that peasants did not gain private ownership of the land they “redeemed” from their former landlords. Instead the peasant commune (obshchina) owned the land and was responsible for redemption payments and other state obligations such as the providing of draftees for the army. In certain respects the serf ’s former dependence on the landlord was replaced by the peasant’s dependence on the commune.
Peasants often refused to believe that this could be the long-awaited liberation; rumors persisted of a far more favorable “Golden Charter,” supposedly issued by the benevolent tsar but hidden by evil nobles. The worst case of peasant unrest after the February 19 manifesto came in the village of Bezdna in Kazan province. Here in April 1861 the semiliterate peasant Anton Sidorov, after urgently consulting the extremely complex legal language of the statutes, announced that the tsar had granted the land to the peasants and had ended payments and labor duties to landlords.
War and Revolution: 1914–1917 Less than a decade after defeat against Japan, the Russian Empire did not want a new war. Although enormous efforts had been made to strengthen the army, many suspected that the German army was both better trained and better equipped. The events of August 1914 were to prove the pessimists correct. The German war plan focused on avoiding a two-front war by knocking out France with a massive assault in the first weeks of the war, and then turning on Russia. The Schlieffen Plan assumed that with its greater distances and weaker railroad network, Russian mobilization would require several weeks before the Russian army could pose a serious threat to Germany.
Across the Revolutionary Divide: Russia and the USSR, 1861-1945 (Blackwell History of Russia) by Theodore R. Weeks