By Mel Thompson
The 3rd variation of moral conception has been up-to-date according to the revised a degree specification requisites. It offers a vital historical past to moral matters via giving an overview of significant moral theories and the way those should be utilized to various modern ethical matters. the recent version combines the entire strengths of the second one version with a brand new layout and contours to make the content material extra available to all scholars with the intention to increase their realizing of the subject. New positive factors contain: - Key questions in the course of the chapters to aid scholars specialise in the most important matters - key words outlined and defined in the course of the chapters - Profiles of key contributors - their contribution and importance - extra precis diagrams all through to assist revision - photographs and illustrations - Revision checklists on the finish of chapters - New exam-style questions and information on the finish of every bankruptcy.
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Extra resources for Access to Religion and Philosophy. Ethical Theory
So, in this chapter, we shall look in general at some of the key words used in ethics, and we will then examine the claim that all moral language is meaningless, and some of the ways in which philosophers have tried to justify its use. This study of the nature of ethical statements (as opposed to the study of particular arguments or moral claims) is termed meta-ethics. Should we start by defining what we mean by ‘good’? The problem with this approach is that the definition may depend on the argument in which it is used.
G. e. proved by external facts). Where do moral statements come in such a scheme? If they are known by definition then they are mere tautologies, claiming nothing. On the other hand, how can you point to facts that prove a moral statement? That, too, is impossible; as we saw above, you cannot derive an ‘ought’ from an ‘is’. Hence, Ayer saw all moral statements as meaningless. This challenge dominated ethics from the 1930s until the 1960s, and we shall examine a number of attempts that were made to find a meaning for ethical statements that would not be dismissed by Ayer’s argument.
His Tractatus (1921) was an immensely influential book, which inspired the work of a group of philosophers known as the Vienna Circle, and it was there that logical positivism developed. Its influence was spread by the publication in 1936 of Language,Truth and Logic by A. J. Ayer. g. e. proved by external facts). Where do moral statements come in such a scheme? If they are known by definition then they are mere tautologies, claiming nothing. On the other hand, how can you point to facts that prove a moral statement?
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