By Jane Hathaway
This revisionist learn reevaluates the origins and starting place myths of the Faqaris and Qasimis, rival factions that divided Egyptian society through the 17th and eighteenth centuries, while Egypt was once the biggest province within the Ottoman Empire. In solution to the long-lasting secret surrounding the factions’ origins, Jane Hathaway locations their emergence in the generalized trouble that the Ottoman Empire—like a lot of the remainder of the world—suffered throughout the early glossy interval, whereas uncovering a symbiosis among Ottoman Egypt and Yemen that used to be serious to their formation. moreover, she scrutinizes the factions’ starting place myths, deconstructing their tropes and logos to bare their connections to a lot older renowned narratives. Drawing on parallels from a wide range of cultures, she demonstrates with awesome originality how rituals resembling storytelling and public processions, in addition to picking shades and logos, may serve to augment factional id.
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Extra resources for A Tale of Two Factions: Myth, Memory, and Identity in Ottoman Egypt and Yemen
George Introduction 15 Washington himself is a cornerstone of American nationalism; he and the other Founding Fathers, as they have come to be known—even though they, of course, never referred to themselves in this fashion— have become part of our national myth, exemplifying what most Americans regard as great about the United States. As an example of a particular moral quality, and in a particular educational setting, this story has unquestionable staying power, no matter how many uncomfortable revelations, such as that of Thomas Jefferson’s affair with one of his slaves, may be dredged up by revisionist historians.
Ivaz most graphically illustrates. Yet these two blocs differed in character from Mamluk factions and from Ottoman-era households. They were, in the first place, much longer lived. 15 Even so, factional sentiment, or at least suspicion of continuing factional loyalties, survived well into the 1760s, when the late Qazda¶lı grandee ˜Ali Bey al-Kabir established his hegemony. 16 Meanwhile, the Faqaris’ and Qasimis’ influence was not limited to the nar- Bilateral Factionalism in Ottoman Egypt 29 row ruling elite that presided in Cairo.
As the factions took shape and became a fixture of Egypt’s political culture, various origin traditions of a fairly predictable type no doubt began to attach to them and were orally transmitted from one region to another and down the generations. The origins of two implacably opposed factions are typically attributed to two historical figures, often brothers or relatives of some other kind, who quarreled, creating an irreparable rift. Thus, preexisting origin myths containing these tropes could be fairly readily applied to the two factions.
A Tale of Two Factions: Myth, Memory, and Identity in Ottoman Egypt and Yemen by Jane Hathaway